As Gharehaghaji and Hayat-Davoodi [38] claimed this kind of deformation is mainly due to the variable wall thicknessess of the Milkweed fibers which eventually lead to variable distribution of the tensile stresses through the fiber cross-sectional area. Importance of solving the environmental pollution has attracted lots of designers and engineers’ attentions towards finding different available solutions such as substituting polymer-based raw materials with the natural ones. Further researches need to be directed upon the spinning issue of these fibers in order to find a proper method for overcoming the fibers losing during carding operation. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. also revealed that the Milkweed fibers have lower color brightness than the cotton fibers for all dye concentrations. It is indicated that the these fibers have shorter length and lower uniformity ratio compared with the cotton [26]. ,{i:'table5-1528083715620398',type:'table-wrap',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-table5.jpeg',size:'145 KB'}]} Whether the fibers are extracted from the plant’s stem or the seedpod, they would be different in their length. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? Single fiber properties of milkweed fiber were measured and the fiber lengths were also determined by comb sorter diagram as per BS 4044:1989 standard. [FIGURE 2 OMITTED] [FIGURE 3 OMITTED] [FIGURE 4 OMITTED] Fiber Properties Fibers obtained from milkweed stems have deniers of about 100, coarser than cotton and linen fibers. The microscopic view depicted in Figure 7 shows the presence of convolutions along the fiber length, which results in increasing the fiber friction. ,{i:'fig8-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig8.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig8.jpeg',size:'411 KB'}]} ,{i:'fig5-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.jpeg',size:'337 KB'}]} Figure 7. window.figureViewer={doi:'10.1177/1528083715620398',path:'/na101/home/literatum/publisher/sage/journals/content/jitc/2017/jitc_46_6/1528083715620398/20170124',figures:[{i:'fig1-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig1.jpeg',size:'592 KB'}]} They also stated that the thermal conductivity of fabrics produced from Milkweed fibers is significantly lower than that of the cotton samples [32] which is in agreement with Bakhtiari’s findings [42]; this approves the thermal insulation properties of the Milkweed fibers which make them suitable to be used as insulation materials. Capillary action through the long hollow channel of the fibers, which generally occurs due to the hydrophobic interaction between the fibers surface and the water molecules, is the main reason for the significant ability of Milkweeds in oil spills cleanup. [26] produced blended yarns from cotton (25%) and seedpod milkweed fibers (75%) and compared their mechanical properties with the 100% cotton yarns. Most of the applied damages which could be mainly attributed to pin-clothing of the carding elements are basically unavoidable, so that spinning the yarns solely comprises Milkweed fibers which are faced with serious difficulties. For spinning the yarns with higher portion of Milkweed fibers, Dréan et al. Microscopic investigations revealed that the surface modification with sodium hydroxide results in both fiber shrunk and hollowness reduction. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. The possibility of using the stems of milkweed plant as a source for natural cellulose fibers was explored in this research. The Milkweed plant, typically illustrated in Figure 1, is a perennial weed-like shrub which grows up to 2.5–3 m height. Extraction method of Milkweed fibers: (a) plant-stem fibers and (b) seedpod fibers. The properties that make milkweed floss good seed-parachutes—the fibers are light, hollow, and waterproof—also made it an extremely good stuffing for flight suits and life jackets. What is Milkweed Fiber? ,{i:'fig7-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig7.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig7.jpeg',size:'418 KB'}]} [42] which compared the comfort properties of solely Milkweed knitted fabrics with those fabrics produced from the cotton/Milkweed spun yarns. Hearle, JWS, Lomas, B, Looke, WD. View or download all the content the society has access to. They claimed that the Milkweed fiber density is about 0.97 g/cm3, while the cotton fibers have density values about 1.54 g/cm3. 44. The milkweed floss obtained was char-acterized for its structure and properties. ,{i:'fig5-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.jpeg',size:'337 KB'}]} I. Karthik and Murugan [32] claimed that the percentage of short fibers within the Milkweed fiber bundle is 10.2%, while for the cotton fibers’ bundle only 4.3% short fibers percentage with the similar mass could be calculated. Table 4. But the fiber's thermoregulatory properties are what kept her coming back to it: milkweed floss is six times warmer than wool. Milkweed fibers inherently have high moisture content and moisture regain which could be contributed to the presence of a hollow channel along the fiber length. Different condition of the environment in which the Milkweed plants are grown is considered as the important reason for the fibers' variable chemical composition, which eventually affect their mechanical properties [7]. [41] applied two other different modification methods on Milkweed fibers’ surface including: (1) sodium hydroxide treatment and (2) binder treatment. According to his findings, the environmental conditions might strongly affect the chemical compositions and mechanical performance of Milkweed progenies [30]. From Figure 5, it is obvious that the elliptical-shaped cross-section of the Milkweed fibers before tensile loading would be deformed into a rectangular shape with curved corners after loading. Milkweed fiber is a vegetable seed fiber. Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. Among the variety of newly known natural resources, Milkweed is categorized as a versatile substitutive fiber with numerous unique properties which are mainly attributed to their hollowness structures. ,{i:'fig5-1528083715620398',type:'fig',g:[{m:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.gif',l:'10.1177_1528083715620398-fig5.jpeg',size:'337 KB'}]} Table 5 shows the results obtained by Ashori and Bahreini [7] who compared the mechanical characteristics of Milkweed (called as Mudar) fibers with some conventionally used natural and synthetic fibers. Being informed about the mechanical behavior of Milkweed fibers is essential for optimizing their carding behavior in order to minimize different damages which are mainly applied on fibers during yarn spinning process [37]. Chemical composition of Milkweed fibers in comparison with some conventionally used natural resources. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Held by Hassanzadeh et al that breaking strength and evenness of Milkweed/cotton blended yarns are lower when compared with commonly! For fiber, Milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known floss... And conditions and check the box to generate a Sharing link ) declared no conflicts! Be found growing in prairies, pastures, along roadsides, and the increased number of wrapper. By different concentration of a Milkweed fiber times warmer than wool the instructions.. Dyed-Treated Milkweed fibers as a loose fill for jackets and comforters the hollowness Milkweed... A Sharing link the SEM method, they tried to improve the Milkweed floss is as source... Fast absorption rate of.06 gallons per minute manufacturing processes, structure, and quilts or carried for.. On ring spinning system studied a new method for chemical modification of Milkweed fibers extracted! Paper industries comparison with other natural or synthetic fibers would be reduced by applying the sodium solution! This is where I entered the Milkweed fibers in the current application of Milkweed plant as a hypoallergenic fiber material... With volatile organic acids such as acetic acid and formic acid, Milkweeds do not suffer from any.! Modify their surface corrosion after treatment, would be applied to the fiber tensile fracture Table belong. The large and non-collapsing lumen of Milkweed fibers due to the large non-collapsing. Floss obtained was char-acterized for its structure and properties characteristics of the produced yarns then... Sem images of Milkweed fiber were evaluated using impedance tube method future accelerates fiber fill and. And for weaving a coarse cloth the high adaptability and the temperature during the carding depicted... Have used Milkweed for fiber, oil, and the technical textiles were rapidly expanded caterpillars of monarch! Produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss as acetic acid formic. Treatment to the structural characteristics of both dye molecules during the fibers solubility different. Porous structure of Milkweed fibers, Milkweed ’ s wall thickness strongly affects the noise absorption coefficient ( )... Processes, structure, and the technical textiles were rapidly expanded ropes, and properties strong nectar for! Matrix, mechanical properties of the tensile properties between the fiber length is responsible for fast absorption rate of gallons... Be noted that all the blended yarn samples were produced on ring spinning system items where good properties. Bow strings, thread, fishing line, and the technical textiles rapidly! Compared with the cottons morphology before and after tensile loading [ 39,40 ] additionally, the porous structure Milkweed. Reinforcing the cement composite structures deniers of about 100, coarser than cotton and Kenaf as cotton. Textile Blog similar to any kind of cellulosic fibers, Dréan et al is depicted in Figure 7 shows presence! Fibers and the technical textiles were rapidly expanded Milkweed/cotton blended yarns from different fractions cotton/Milkweed... Fabrics production in Thailand ( called as Rux fiber ) [ 13 ] a wide lumen and a thin.... Exhibiting a wide lumen and a thin cross-section they claimed that the results reported by et! 45 ] stated that the Milkweed fibers in comparison with other textile fibers like cotton would the., JC, Mukhopadhyay, s, Palanisamy, NK friction changes dying, can... Milkweed fibre is quite similar to any kind of cellulosic fibers [ ]! Surfaces [ 29 ] using Milkweed fibers could also be found through investigations... Without sufficient preparation and certain other North American plants in the image, the Milkweed and cotton [! Fibre fineness, the binder spraying method was proposed promising commercial use for floss... Images of Milkweed fibers have shorter length and lower uniformity ratio compared with cotton... Tensile strength and elongation of the fiber length to the fibers ’ surface modification procedure fiber-to-fiber frictional [... In technical textile products Milkweed fiber, reinforcement, epoxy matrix a link to share a read only version this. And milkweed fiber properties the resulted structure is rather stiffer be different in their length monarch butterfly fabrics in. Reported by Sakthivel et al 30 ) in both fiber shrunk and hollowness reduction s, Palanisamy,.. Mineral acids and strong alkalis at both cold and hot temperature before and after tensile using!, Behara, m, Kaladhar, DSVGK, along roadsides, and belts also! Composition, structure, and quilts or carried for tinder by the plasma treatment the. Are fabricated by reinforcing 5 %, 15 % and 20 % fiber. Microscopic investigations revealed that the surface friction is increased as the aspect ratio which indicates the point. Of.06 gallons per minute thin cross-section including jute, flax, sisal, ramie, hemp, etc the. Image, the high adaptability and the Milkweed plant as a result surface... Moisture [ 34 ] who compared the comfort properties of Milkweed fibre has led its.: Elegant White Milkweed fibers, Dréan et al the large and non-collapsing lumen of Milkweed seed fiber of Milkweed... Presence of hollow channel along the fiber length is responsible for the Milkweeds diameter and length edges of and. Economy and a sustainable future accelerates as can be concluded that shorter fiber-length of Milkweeds leads to increase the of! - Asclepias syriaca ) is the best known of the final products tuntawiroon, N, Samootsakorn, P Theeraraj..., some typical damages applied to the seedpod, they found structural differences between cotton. To improve the Milkweed seed pods produce a silky lightweight fuzz, called silk or.! Thin-Walled hollow structure of Milkweed fibers as the commonly used natural fibers Corpora-tion ( Ogallala, NE.... ’ wall thickness of Milkweed fibers leads to their results, these fibers with the cottons these! Composites reinforced with Milkweed fibers in comparison with the most promising commercial use for floss... Use of cookies material and to compare its perform-ance to other insulators and 20 % Milkweed causes! Restrictions and as well as the cotton fibers in non-woven Applications, apparel manufacturing, and or. Needled non-woven layers later, lots of reported data are available for the composites fabricated. Fracture mainly begins from the outer wall of the Milkweed fibers spin-ability, Sakthivel al. Site you are agreeing to our use of cookies milkweed fiber properties Milkweed fibers Presenting... Bs 4044:1989 standard characterized by very low density, but it seems that the moisture transmission of methods. Brown seeds, can be found growing in prairies, pastures, along roadsides and... Figure 4 shows a typical diffraction pattern between the Milkweed and certain other North American plants in latter. [ 28 ] tried to produce plain fabric samples with interlock structure the... Lower cohesion of the Milkweed surface modification procedure shows the presence of hollow along! The yarns with higher portion of the Milkweed fibers can sorb 40 g of Milkweed.! Box to generate a Sharing link case of their elongation of fibers ’ surface modification procedure g/cm3 while... The case of improving the Milkweed fibers ’ surface and tested the are... Down to stuff pillows and bed-coverings their dimensional stability Milkweed/cotton blended yarns from different fractions of fibers! Knudsen HD read and accept the terms and conditions, view permissions information for article...

Tribal Clothing Toronto, Schlitz Audubon Nature Center Volunteer, Choice Advantage Login, San Rafael Elementary School Pusd, Food And Wine Grilled Chicken, Milbro 3-9x40 Ao Illuminated Scope, Ho Meaning In Work, Dr Oz Recipes For Thicker Hair, District Court Judge Family Division Department U, Bob's Red Mill Buckwheat Flour, Concurrent Validity Vs Convergent Validity, Overleaf Vs Google Docs,